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Acosta de Samper, Soledad (1833-1913)
Colombian writer. Writer born in Bogot , on May 5, 1833, died in the same city, on March 17, 1913. Daughter of the prince and historian Joaqu n Acosta y P rez de Guzm n and of the American Carolina Kemble Rou, Soledad Acosta de Samper completed her first studies in Bogotá, at the Colegio de La Merced. At the age of 12 she was sent to Halifax (Nova Scotia, Canada), where she continued her education with her maternal grandmother. From there he went to Paris, where he remained in various schools for several years and frequented with his father the social gatherings and scientific meetings in which he met the most important writers in Europe, with the who maintained a close friendship. Back in Colombia, in 1855 she married the writer and politician Jos Mar a Samper Agudelo. He lived for several years in Paris, where he began to publish various works under the pseudonyms of Aldebar n, Renato, Bertilda and Andina. From 1858 he began to publish his work in the Biblioteca de Se oritas and in El Mosaico de Bogot . She helped her husband in the newspapers that he edited and sent some of his contributions to newspapers in Peru. In 1862 the Samper Acosta family moved to Lima, where José María Samper had been appointed chief editor of the daily El Comercio. Soledad Acosta supported her husband with an active journalistic and editorial work. In Peru they founded the American Magazine, an elegant newspaper that did not have a long life. Back in Bogotá, Jos Mar a Samper was again appointed a member of Congress and became one of the most important elements of Colombian politics. Soledad Acosta continued writing and publishing, generally in brochures. When José María Samper died in 1888, Soledad Acosta moved back to Paris. In 1892 she was appointed official delegate of the Republic of Colombia to the IX International Congress of Americanists in the Convent of La R bida, in Spain, and represented Colombia in the commemorative congresses of the Fourth Centennial of the Discovery of America. delicious. Do a Soledad dedicated herself to supporting and guiding women. He founded and directed several serials such as La Mujer (1878-1881), La Familia, Lecturas para el Hogar (1884-1885), El Domingo de la Familia Cristiana (1889-1890), El Domingo (1898-1899) and Lecturas para el Home (1905-1906). A diversity of topics coexist there, from anthropology, history, fashion and science, to religion and advice to women. In many of these brochures, Soledad was the only editor, director and collaborator. Soledad Acosta was a prolific writer: more than 20 novels, 50 short stories and hundreds of articles on the most varied subject matter make up her collection, among them: Novels and pictures of South American life (1869 ), Biography of General Joaqu n Acosta, Dolores, Pictures of the life of a woman, The Nun, A funny village (1905), The pirates in Cartagena (1885), The heart of the woman, Luz and shadow and stories of two families. She died in 1913 in Bogotá, having achieved renown in Colombia and considered one of the most glorious figures of the female intelligentsia in America. Novels and pictures of South American life (1869), Biography of General Joaqu n Acosta, Dolores, Pictures of the life of a woman, The Nun, A funny village (1905), The pirates in Cartagena (1885), The heart of women, Light and shadow and Stories of two families. She died in 1913 in Bogotá, having achieved renown in Colombia and considered one of the most glorious figures of the female intelligentsia in America. Novels and pictures of South American life (1869), Biography of General Joaqu n Acosta, Dolores, Pictures of the life of a woman, The Nun, A funny village (1905), The pirates in Cartagena (1885), The heart of women, Light and shadow and Stories of two families. She died in 1913 in Bogotá, having achieved renown in Colombia and considered one of the most glorious figures of the female intelligentsia in America.
THE PIRATES OF CARTAGENA
SOLEDAD ACOSTA DE SAMPER
Revenge of a Pilot
Admiral Corsair Francisco Drake
The Filibusteros and Sancho Jimeno
Bishop Piedrahita and Filibuster Morgan in Santa Marta
Admiral Vernon’s Expedition
His Excellency Dr. Rafael N ez, President of Colombia.
Dear sir and old friend:
To whom, if not you, could I dedicate this little work, the fruit of my evenings over the last two months?
Cartagena has always been for my spirit one of the most interesting cities in Colombia, not only for its poetic beauty, for the kind hospitality that I have always received in it the times I have visited it, and because of its heroic history -from the discovery, at the beginning of the 16th century, to the events that occurred there in the last year-, but also because on its beaches the memory of my father, whose side I visited those magnificent walls in childhood; those astonishing ruins of a grandeur that has not yet died. To this I will refer for the first time the history of Cartagena, and what happened there in colonial times and in the glorious site of 1815. These memories have never been erased from my mind.
For a long time I wanted to write something at length about the historical tragedies that occurred in Cartagena; But I had not had the opportunity to carry out that idea, until, when I was in charge of the La Naci n pamphlet, it occurred to me that it should contain some historical-romantic narratives of interest. It is today, and I began to write the pictures that you have been kind enough to read, as I understand with some appreciation, not because of the little merit they have, but because they refer to your hometown.
I therefore beg you to accept this dedication, as a public testimony of the great appreciation and true friendship that I profess to the regenerator of my country and to the most illustrious of the sons of Cartagena.
I repeat myself of you attentive servant and friend,
SOLEDAD ACOSTA DE SAMPER
Bogota, January 24, 1886.
To Mrs. Soledad Acosta de Samper.
My distinguished lady and former friend:
I have been, for years, an assiduous reader of all that your noble pen writes; and the historical paintings published by La Naci n have naturally, in a special way, interested me.
The dedication that you deign to make me of the collection of those paintings is therefore doubly pleasant and honorable, and I accept it with deep appreciation.
Linked, for many years, to your respectable house by political bond, in the work of national salvation to which you kindly allude, I owe to you one of the most effective cooperations. The huge contingent of her illustrious husband, Dr. Samper, is too notorious. The personal part of you is less known; But I know so much that I owe more than a rectification of ideas to his words, uttered at the right time, in the stormy time of 1875, when the complicated work of regeneration surely began, pr Next to the end and happy ending.
I repeat to you, with all due respect, the expression of my gratitude; and I take the opportunity to subscribe to you, sure servant and loyal friend,
Bogota, January 25, 1886.
The envy, emulation and hatred that the great power of Spain in the new world aroused among the other European nations, had been translated by means of attacks and in fact: a natural thing in a time recently emancipated from barbarism and that had just come out of the period of transition called the Middle Ages. Those unjust attacks against Spain were planted by certain associations and companies of pirates, corsairs, filibusters, buccaneers and adventurers from different nations, and particularly the English and French, which, under the pretext of helping their governments and kings -almost continuously at war against Spain-, began to steal the treasures that they carried from the colonies to the mother country, committing at the same time innumerable outrages and cruel actions in the Spanish-American ports,
Having established those associations of pirates in various islands of the Antilles, which they had managed to take on their own, very soon they became powerful and fearsome, and the expeditions that their leaders sent against the mainland caused the terror and terror of the settlers, who could never live in peace and security.
We will point out here very in passing the names of the most important expeditions that attacked the coasts of the territories that today make up the Republic of Colombia.
The first to ruin the newly founded towns of Santa Marta and Cartagena, in 1544, belonged to the French nation, and Spanish historians call their leader Roberto Baal or Bahal. After these came those tolerated and sent by Queen Elizabeth of England, under the command of the Hawkins, father and son, who ruined Nombre de Dios and R o de Hacha. Later Francisco Drake attacked Santa Marta, Cartagena, Portobelo and Chagres, in 1586 and 1596. Guateral seized several places in the vicinity of Portobelo, and looted it; Francisco Lolois did the same; but after having stolen many of the populations of the isthmus, he died at the hands of the Indians of the Dari n.
One of the most audacious filibusters of the seventeenth century, Juan Morgan, was not content with looting Portobelo, but entered by the Chagres river, and crossing the isthmus he reached Panama, which he attacked. , stole and turned to ashes, helped by Carlos Henrique Clerk1, who was in the waters of the Pacific with an English frigate.
In that same century Juan Spring attacked Portobelo, in 1670; In 1680 Bartolom Sharp, Juan Guarlen or Swan Waffer and Bartolom Bolmen, made the same trip across the isthmus in collusion with the Indians of the Darion, and, after many adventures, those who managed to leave with life returned to Europe in the Spanish ships they found in the Pacific.
Some years later, a chief expressly sent by the court of France – the Baron de Pointis – joined the filibusters to attack and take Cartagena.
At the beginning of the 18th century, the English corsairs Tom s Colb, Guillermo Dampier and others committed all sorts of depredations on both sides of the Isthmus of Panama, leaving their names stained with blood in the annals of our coasts. In the middle of the 18th century, the ports of Portobelo2, Chagres and Cartagena were attacked by the English squadrons in command, first from Admiral Hossier, then from Admiral Vernon and, finally, from Guillermo Kinhiesel, sent by Admiral Ogle.
The acts carried out by these enemies of Spain, and the events that occurred during those attacks, all more or less dramatic, give an idea of what the customs and characters of those past centuries were like; For this reason, we have proposed to narrate in the historical-romantic paintings that will be read below some of the most interesting events that we have found, particularly in the history of Cartagena, one of the cities that most they hated pirates, and the only one who managed to defend herself vigorously against her enemies, though not always with happy success.